Navassa Island

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Caribbean Island of Navassa Island


Navassa Island is a small unoccupied Caribbean island belonging to the United States and (debatably) the Republic of Haiti spanning a little over two square miles.  Most of the terrain is made of limestone and coral and rather large cliffs about thirty to fifty feet in height.

The history of Navassa Island is intriguing in terms of its discovery and how it gained its name.  Christopher Columbus was stranded on the Caribbean island of Jamaica and sent a group of crewmembers off to seek help via canoe.  During this trip the crew came upon Navassa Island only to realize that it was a remote land mass with no water which led to its current name.  After this discovery, most seafarers ignored Navassa Island for over 300 years although some people did claim that pirates built small wooden houses there during this time, choosing to take advantage of the island’s remoteness.

It wasn’t until the eighteenth century that Captain Peter Duncan claimed Navassa Island for the United States which lead to the heavy mining of guano on the island for quite a few years until a rebellion in 1889 disrupted it for several years.  Despite protests by the nation of Haiti which claimed to have taken ownership first, Navassa Island remains under the control of the United States to this day.

Today Navassa Island remains largely uninhabited and is instead used for several scientific studies.  It was also quite popular for radio transmissions until revised entry restrictions turned away the majority of amateur radio operators.  An extraordinarily large variation of wildlife currently exists on the island, opening the doors to the creation of the Navassa Island National Wildlife Refuge in an effort to protect the elaborate coral reefs, abundant plant life and the varied Navassa Island menagerie like the large seabird colonies and rare lizard species.

Traveling near Navassa Island, you’ll notice the large 160+ foot lighthouse which was built in the early 1900s and is currently inactive.  While the island is not necessarily off limits to tourists, its delicate ecosystem and well preserved terrains and wildlife means anyone who wishes to visit the island must first obtain permission from the Fish and Wildlife Office in Boqueron, Puerto Rico before they can enter.

Navassa Island is slowly opening up its doors to allow Caribbean real estate opportunities and may soon allow small cottage development so its future as a remote Caribbean island may soon change although the U.S. will likely need to figure out how to balance the wildlife with human development.

Navassa Island is an uninhabited, unorganized territory of the United States. The obvious appeal of this island is its two square miles of available vacant land. The island has a great location between Haiti and Jamaica and experiences year-round sunny temperatures tempered by a constant sea breeze. 

The often lofty ambition of a property owner having a residence on a completely uninhabited Caribbean island is not too farfetched for Navassa. This small island’s unique cliff-like coastline provides incredible potential for property with breathtaking elevated views of the ocean. 

Navassa Island has plans to develop an infrastructure to support residential property. This will open up two square miles of prime real estate in the Caribbean and make way for potential luxury resorts. This island has incredible real estate potential being that it is currently a blank canvas of premium Caribbean real estate.

Possible in the near future.

Possible in the near future.

The official currency of Navassa Island is the U.S. Dollar (US$).

Possible in the near future

Navassa Island is an unorganized territory of the United State, all U.S. laws and rights apply.

Passport requirements:
Passports: Required
Valid Travel Documents: Required upon Exit and Entry
Government Issued Photo ID: Required

Climate: The temperature for Navassa Island is 28° C-31° C (81° F-87° F) most of the year. 

Religion: N/A

Language: English

Tips when you get there

Navassa Island has no international airport or infrastructure for travel. Getting to the island must be by boat or helicopter. Upon arrival traveling can be done on foot. The Island is officially a Wildlife Refuge and permission is needed to travel to it. 

What to do

Navassa Island is very scenic and technically is a wildlife refuge, so nature watching is a popular activity among visitors. Navassa Island is incredibly remote and a great place for those seeking an isolated Caribbean lifestyle.

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